What fees does the company have to pay? Is it so normal to charge so much? Which projects should be adjusted? With regard to the concerns of these companies, the reporters came to pay a bill for the companyâ€™s fees.
a large number of charged items
The production chain of manufacturing enterprises is relatively long, and there are many qualifications and evaluations. The fees and charges are relatively high. The fees charged by the national laws and regulations are mainly three types.
- Government funds. It mainly refers to the special purpose financial funds collected to support the development of a public utility, and is included in the budget management. It is the second largest source of fiscal revenue in addition to taxation in China. Among them, it is levied on all members of society, such as the Civil Aviation Development Fund, the National Major Water Conservancy Construction Fund, and also for specific industries or classes, such as railway construction funds and port construction fees.
By the end of 2016, the national government funds had been reduced to 23 after several rounds of clean-up, including urban public utilities, urban infrastructure support fees, education surcharges, and employment security for disabled people. From April 1 this year, the special fund for urban public utilities and new wall materials will be cancelled, and the list project will be further reduced to 21 items. Many enterprises report that some government fund projects have a great impact on the cost of enterprises. For example, the railway construction fund, although only for the specific object of railway freight forwarders, has a large total amount, which is for coal enterprises mainly based on railway freight. Said to be a "big stone."
- Administrative fees. It refers to the fees charged to specific clients in accordance with the cost-compensation and non-profit principles in the process of providing certain services to citizens and legal persons. In addition to the state organs, the main body of the fee may be a public institution or a social group that acts as a government function. The list published by the Ministry of Finance website on January 9 this year shows that the national and central departments and units involved in enterprise administrative fees mainly involve 26 departments in 26 departments. Since April 1 this year, 35 administrative fees for enterprises involved in the establishment of the central government have been cancelled or suspended. In addition, each place also has its own list of administrative fees and charges, and some projects are more than the central level. For example, the list of administrative fees for enterprises in Henan Province includes 25 categories of 79 items, and 79 items have The detailed item, in which the inspection fee is 9 items.
- Operating service charges. It refers to the fees charged by the society to provide places, facilities or technology, knowledge, information, physical labor and other business services. The main body of fees can be institutions and enterprises. Different from administrative fees, operating service charges can be profitable. At present, most of the operating service charges have been liberalized, and a small part is still priced by the government. According to the list of central government-related business service charges published by the National Development and Reform Commission, there are still six major items currently priced by the government, mainly related to civil aviation, maritime transport and commercial banks. For example, civil airports, military-civilian joint airport monopoly service charges, fishing port charges , bank card credit card fees, and so on. In addition to the central government, local governments also have their own service and service charges.
In addition, there are also fees charged by industry associations, including social organizations as the main body of fees.
Most of the company-related fees are for specific groups, so the fees that different companies need to pay are generally different. Among them, the manufacturing enterprises have a long production chain, and there are more qualifications and evaluations, and there are relatively more charging items. Taking the Wahaha Group as an example, according to the survey conducted by the Ministry of Finance and the National Development and Reform Commission on the Wahaha Group, there were 212 actual payment items in 2015, including 2 government funds, 26 administrative fees, and 148 operational service fees. In addition, there are 1 income from the use of state-owned resources, and 35 other fees for membership associations.
However, more than 200 fees for legal compliance are also quite a lot in the eyes of companies. "On average, I will pay more than one day. Some fees are not high, but the fees are too frequent," said a person in charge of a manufacturing company in Henan Province.
Compliance projects should also be adjusted
The company believes that some government funds that have completed historical missions should be abolished. In recent years, the intensity of tax reductions and reductions in the country has gradually increased. In 2016, the central government will reduce costs as a key task to promote structural reforms on the supply side, and intensively introduced a number of policy measures to reduce costs and reduce burdens. For example, measures such as canceling the merger of government funds, expanding the scope of exemption of administrative fees, and reducing the burden on enterprises and residents by 500 billion yuan; reducing the price of electricity twice, reducing the burden of electricity and electricity for industrial and commercial enterprises by 47 billion yuan; reducing the social security rate and housing of enterprises in stages The proportion of the contribution of the provident fund will reduce the burden on the enterprise by more than 100 billion yuan; the National Development and Reform Commission will reduce the burden on enterprises and users by 56.5 billion yuan in comprehensively cleaning up and regulating the import and export link fees and bank card credit charges. In addition, in 2015, the Audit Commission found that the illegal charges exceeded 3.4 billion yuan. In the first three quarters of 2016, it was found that the illegal charges involved 489 million yuan, and the relevant regions and departments have been urged to carry out rectification.
"The government is reducing taxes and fees every year, such as canceling the rental fee for housing rental transactions. For our company, the burden reduction experience is quite obvious." Some companies report.
However, in an interview with some manufacturing companies, the reporter found that the non-tax burden is still a problem that is concentrated in the enterprise. In the view of enterprises, some fees and charges for legal compliance are not reasonable, and should be adjusted according to the actual situation.
In the case of government funds, although the number of government funds is relatively small, it is relatively clear, but the amount is big. Of the various fees charged by the Wahaha Group in more than 74 million yuan in 2015, the fees for the two government funds reached more than 34 million yuan, nearly half. Many companies believe that cost reduction should start with more government funds, such as reducing employment security for disabled people. "Some companies go to 'purchase' disabled people's licenses, don't need disabled people to go to work, pay wages to social security, this cost is lower than the employment security of disabled people, which is not conducive to the employment of disabled people." According to the latest notice from the Ministry of Finance, From April 1 this year, the standards for the employment security of disabled persons will be adjusted.
Some companies also believe that some government funds should be cancelled in due course. "Twenty-three percent of our corporate electricity bills are 'contributing' to the country. One year, we will hand over 510 million yuan." A large state-owned enterprise official told reporters. The â€œcontributionâ€ part refers to various â€œfunds and surchargesâ€. Previously, the power construction fund, the Three Gorges Project Construction Fund, and the central direct reservoir resettlement fund were all collected by the grid companies from the electricity bill. Some enterprises believe that this move can promote the development of China's public welfare undertakings and make up for the lack of financial investment. However, with the development of the economy and society, some funds have completed their historical mission and should be withdrawn and cancelled. â€œThe Three Gorges Project Construction Fund was cancelled after the completion of the project, but since then it has begun to collect the national major water conservancy project construction fund, which is higher than the previous fees.â€ The head of the state-owned enterprise said.
For administrative fees, the problem that enterprises focus on is that the phenomenon of repeated charges is serious. It is recommended to merge some and cancel some. For the most complicated operating and service charges for charging projects, the company believes that issues such as red top mediation and fines are more prominent. "You can find an intermediary in the market to do various inspections and evaluations, but it is easy to pass the cooperation with the government departments, of course, the price is higher." A fireproof material company told reporters.
The fees involved in the enterprise must be clarified
The enterprise reflects that the current list of fees and charges is not without, but there are too many lists and too many items on the list. The State Council executive meeting proposed to further clean up and standardize the fees charged by enterprises, and continue to reduce the burden on the real economy. The directory listing system will effectively reduce the discretionary power of the enterprise-related fees. Before the end of the year, it is necessary to establish a list system of the enterprise-related charging list for the government pricing management, and give the enterprise a clear-cut account.
"The current situation is that the list is not without, but there are too many lists and too many items on the list." In many companies' view, if there are too many lists, it will be chaotic, but it will not be clear and normative. The company is still at a loss in the various lists.
For the voice of the company, a responsible person of the relevant ministries expressed understanding. On the one hand, the enterprise-related charging project has not yet fully understood the family, and it is difficult to find out the family. "For example, operating service charges, although the central and local levels have already published the list, but this is only the service items within the government's pricing range. In addition to government pricing, market service items and subjects are all-encompassing, it is really difficult to count. On the other hand, some fees are indeed in a vague zone, especially for some operating service charges. To a certain extent, they have the characteristics of the price of goods or services. It is not easy to clarify, especially some service charges that are no longer priced by the government. The administrative pre-approval hook will impose an invisible burden on the enterprise outside the list.
Some of the companies are worried about the reversal of the tolls and the resurgence of the fees. For example, the recent "resurrection" of Hainan's professional qualifications revealed by the media is the multiple qualifications that the State Council has already cancelled, and the training has been changed to continue to charge. Requiring enterprises to attend training courses, participate in exhibitions, and print brochures are actually disguised charges. Some companies have revealed that many training courses and exhibitions are organized by an association or institution and seem to be ignored. But when you look closely, these activities often carry the words â€œhostingâ€ and â€œguidanceâ€ from government departments, and dare not pay. In addition, some monopolistic charges also have a trade-off situation. For example, some port charges have a monopoly nature. Traditional fees and charges are ordered to be cancelled. However, because there is only one company that can enter the port to provide services, enterprises will add new fees in the form of service prices. Other companies have no choice. Only pay honestly.
The relevant ministries and commissions concluded that the main problems encountered in the current clean-up of fees and charges are consistent with the company's feelings: administrative fees are reduced, but the fees for intermediary services levied on enterprises based on administrative powers are increasing; government-priced operating service charges are reduced, but The implementation of unreasonable fees based on monopoly status has risen in some areas; the burden of fees for enterprises is relatively reduced, but some unreasonable fines, inspections, and deposits are still burdened by enterprises.
Li Jin, chief researcher of China Enterprise Research Institute, believes that although the issue of enterprise-related charges is more complicated and involves more government departments, it is imperative to find out the bottom line, which not only makes the enterprise understand, but also greatly reduces the rent-seeking space. This requires the government to carry out drastic reforms, vigorously cut off the fees and charges, reduce the examination and approval links and pre-emptive filings; and standardize the government's behavior, and establish a system of â€œadditional must-have hearingsâ€ and â€œnew fees to be publicizedâ€ unless there is It is necessary to add no new charges. (Reporter Zhao Zhanhui)
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