Early maturing cultivation techniques of hanging melon

Hanging melon, the scientific name of the scorpion, also known as the melon, is a perennial vine of Cucurbitaceae. It is suitable for warm and humid climate. It grows on slopes, forests and courtyards. It has strong adaptability and is widely distributed in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. In the mountainous area at the junction, the roots, stems, leaves, melon skin and seeds of the melon can be used medicinally, and the seeds are the best among the roasted seeds and nuts. After years of planting and groping, we can earn an average of 667 square meters and earn more than 5,000 yuan. Now we will introduce its high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation techniques as follows: Linyi Fertilizer Network Co., Ltd.
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First, the variety selection Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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In production, Changxing "Zhongzhuan" is the main choice for many fruits, seeds, grain weight and early maturity. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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Second, sowing seedlings Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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The seeds of the hanging melon should be planted at an appropriate time, usually in the middle and late February. First of all, the seedbed should be prepared. The seedbed should be warmed to the sunny place. The small arch shed should be used for seedlings. The bed soil should be loose and well drained. The bottom water should be poured before planting. The outer seed coat of the melon seeds is hard and has a long germination time. In order to promote the early germination of the seeds, it can be soaked in water for about 2 days. After being drained, the seeds are immersed in warm water of about 50 °C for 10 minutes to promote seed germination and kill. Part of the pathogen, then sow. After the seed is planted in the seedbed, cover the 3cm thick fine soil, water and moisturize, cover the film to protect the sputum. After the emergence of the seedlings, remove the film, cool the seedlings, and transplant the seedlings until the seedling grows to about 10cm. At the end of March, the seedlings can be raised by the live broadcast method, and 2-3 seeds are planted per hole, and the soil is covered with 3-5 cm, and the soil is kept moist. In addition, you can also use the underground roots of the melon to breed, saving seeds and reducing costs. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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Third, transplanting seedlings to cultivate and maintain Linyi fertilizer Copyright
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Before transplanting the seedlings, it is necessary to deepen the soil and apply the base fertilizer to make a scorpion with a width of 40-50cm, a height of 20-25cm, a groove in the middle, or a sputum of 80-100cm, and two grooves can be opened on the glutinous surface. 667 square meters of cooked organic fertilizer 1000kg and compound fertilizer 50kg, etc., the row spacing of transplanting plants is generally 15cm × 20cm, watering and moisturizing should be timely after planting. Seedlings should be weeding, diligent management, dilute human manure, fertilization most It is a little far from the root to prevent fat damage. At the same time, pruning, set up the climbing frame of Miao vine, remove the lower side branches and germination; remove the male plants and transplant them separately. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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4. Land preparation and fertilization Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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1. Field selection. With sufficient sunlight, deep soil layer, fertile and loose, well-drained sandy loam soil, the value is slightly acidic. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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2, digging a hole and fertilizing. Generally, 20-22 holes are drilled every 667 square meters, the hole distance is 5-6m, the diameter of each hole is 80-100cm, and the depth of the hole is 60cm. For clay soil with shallow soil layer and poor soil quality, yellow loam soil, it is best to fill in sandy loam and apply base fertilizer. Apply 50kg of organic fertilizer and 1kg of vegetable cake per hole. You can also add 1kg of compound fertilizer, and then cover the soil with the ground and make it fully fermented. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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V. Reasonable planting of Linyi Fertilizer Network
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Generally planted around March 20, the roots of the hanging melon are carried out before germination. The number of plants per hole can be determined according to the size of the roots. The roots of the 1-2 years old can be planted, and 2 plants can be planted at each hole. In the case of more than 3cm, plant one plant per hole, cover 3-5cm thick fine soil, water and moisturize, it is best to lay a layer of straw around for protection. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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Sixth, strengthen management Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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1. Set up scaffolding. The scaffolding material should be made of solid cement products as the column, and the top of the frame should be pulled with wire for vine climbing. The spacing between the sheds is generally about 3m, and the height of the shed is 2.2-2.5m. For the hanging melon seedlings of the year, You can first take a simple scaffolding for climbing. Linyi Fertilizer Network Co., Ltd.
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2, pruning and trimming. After the buds are sprouted, when the vines are 20-25cm long, the bamboo rafts should be inserted into the scaffolding on the vines in time, leaving 1-2 main branches to remove excess vine branches. For the melon vines that have been placed on the scaffolding, it is necessary to top the main vines, and strive to distribute the melon vines evenly and handle the hanging branches in time. During the growth of the melons, the delicate side branches on the scaffolding should be cut off to promote ventilation and light transmission, and the vines should be done to prevent the wind from falling. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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3, fertilizer and water regulation. The hanging melon grows for a long time and needs a large amount of fertilizer. It is necessary to re-apply the base fertilizer, apply the fertilizer, and apply the anti-fat fertilizer. Pay attention to the use of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer. For more than 2 years of cultivation of the melon, the base fertilizer should be applied before the winter, with 800-1200kg of decomposed ring fertilizer, 35kg of phosphate fertilizer and 20kg of potassium fertilizer per 667 square meters. It can also be divided into 2 times. Before the winter, the base fertilizer is applied. Then apply NPK fertilizer. The cassava fertilizer should be carried on the vines on the scaffolding, and the compound fertilizer or cake fertilizer should be applied for 20kg per 667 square meters. Anti-aging fertilizer should be applied before and after the heat. The frequency and quantity of fertilization should be flexibly controlled according to the situation of vines and sitting melons, and reasonable regulation. In case of drought, water should be watered frequently on sunny days, and timely weeding and weeding should be carried out to enhance the air permeability of the soil. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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4. Hormone treatment. The hanging melon is a male and female vine plant, which can be used to increase the rate of sitting and melon. It can also be used to pollinate the bees, placing 2-3 boxes of bees per 667 square meters to increase the rate of sitting. Generally, the density of male plants grown on the side of the field is 5 plants/667 square meters, and the male plants are controlled to grow, and more male flowers are promoted to promote pollination. It can also be treated with hormonal scented flowers. When the flower buds contain cockroaches, the scented flowers are best. Use 30-50mg/kg anti-drop flower scented flowers or spray flowers. Pay attention to the concentration control, low concentration of sunny days and high concentration of cloudy days. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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5, pest control. The insect pests of hanging melons are mainly aphids, red spiders, cabbage caterpillars and so on. Focus on the control of cabbage caterpillars from late July to early August. It can be controlled by 2.5% Kungfu EC 4000 times or 3.2% insecticide net emulsion 1500 times. The disease is mainly anthracnose, which can be controlled by 200 times Bordeaux mixture or 80% anthrax Fame WP 800 times. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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6. Harvest at the right time. Early maturing varieties begin to mature in late August to early September. When the surface of the melon skin starts to have white powder and turns yellowish, it can be harvested. It is first accumulated in the house for 2-3 days, then the melon is cut, and the seeds are washed and dried. Just do it. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
7. Post-harvest management. After harvesting the melons, it is necessary to maintain the vegetative growth, accumulate nutrients and transport them to the lower part of the ground to promote the growth of the roots. Before the onset of winter, the dried melons are completely dry, clear the weeds in the field, shallowly turn the soil, it is best not to damage the roots, apply appropriate amount of decomposed organic fertilizer, and strengthen post-harvest management. Linyi Fertilizer Network Copyright
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